Uttanasana is one of the poses that belongs to a forwards folds group. To be more precise, it is one of the standing forward bands that is a part of Surya Namaskars sequence. The name comes from the Sanskrit terms "Ut" means intense "tan" which means “to stretch” or “to extend” and Asana which means “seat” or “posture”.
In a long and rich history of yoga, Uttanasana is a relatively new posture and it is first found documented in a text called Shri Tattva Nidhi from 19th century in Mysore, India.
Uttanasana is closely related to older variations of the posture like Padanghustasana or Padahastasana and main difference is in the position of the hands while performing this beneficial standing forward folds.
Uttanasana is a common pose and mostly used in every single yoga class. Her benefits are many, and as a pose coming from the family of forward folds it has significant influence on calming our mind and soothing our nervous system. It is balancing for the body due to the combination of active and passive activities while preforming the pose. It’s a gentle dance between stretching and strengthening our muscles. It can teach us how to accept our limitations and be patient instead of pushing ourselves too far that can lead to injuries.
According to B.K.S. Iyengar, the many benefits of this asana include slowing down the heartbeat; toning the liver, spleen, and kidneys; and rejuvenating the spinal nerves. Mr. Iyengar has also said that after practicing Uttanasana, “one feels calm and cool, the eyes start to glow, and the mind feels at peace.”
Action of folding our torso forward and the inverted nature of the pose, increases the blood flow to the brain, and with the heart above the head, is said to relieve stress.
Altho there is a secret need in each of us to touch our toes as soon as we fold forward ( which can lead to injuries), it is wise to remember that yoga is not about touching our toes but exploring our capacities and opening ourselves to the experiences of our bodies and minds in the present moment.
Be mindful of your breath and start gently. Listen to your body and respect its limitations.